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Chemical Compositions of Walnut (Juglans Spp.) Oil: Combined Effects of Genetic and Climatic Factors

来源:生态林业研究所|作者:Hanbo Yang, Xu Xiao, Jingjing Li, Fang Wang, Jiaxuan Mi, Yujie Shi, Fang He, Lianghua Chen|点击:

  

Abstract: Walnut oil is a high-value oil product. Investigation of the variation and the main climatic factors affecting the oil’s chemical composition is vital for breeding and oil quality improvement. Therefore, the fatty acid, micronutrients, and secondary metabolites compositions and contents in walnut oil were determined in three species: Juglans regia L. (common walnut), J. sigillata Dode (iron walnut), and their hybrids (Juglans sigillata Dode × J. regia L.), which were cultivated aat different sites. The major fatty acids were linoleic (51.39–63.12%), oleic (18.40–33.56%), and linolenic acid (6.52–11.69%). High variation in the contents of fatty acids, micronutrients, and secondary metabolites was found between both species and sites. Interestingly, myristic, margaric, and margaroleic acid were only detected in the hybrids’ walnut oil, yet α-tocopherol was only detected in common and iron walnut oil. Climatic factors significantly affected the composition and content of fatty acid, whereas δ-tocopherol was mostly dependent on the genetic factors. The average relative humidity explained the most variation in the fatty acids, micronutrients, and secondary metabolites, which showed a significant positive and negative effect on the monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids, respectively. These findings contribute to the provision of better guidance in matching sites with walnut trees, and improvement of the nutritional value of walnut oil.


Keywords: walnut oil; fatty acid; micronutrients; secondary metabolites; variation; genetic effect; climatic factors


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